Developing Community-Based Innovative Solutions to Mitigate and Adapt to Climate Change in Nepal

After two years of implementation our innovate climate project has some good results to show for. 

Interaction with Womens group

One of the main aims of the project was to organize local Women cooporatives, enabling them to learn how to process, market, and sell the different forest products. In Chisapani Community Forest, Nawalparasi women have expressed a significant positive change in their roles in the Community Forest Administration and Management after their involvement through the project. They do not have to depend on their male counterparts in the family for the simple expenses for their children’s stationary and personal items for themselves. Their involvement in growing patchouli through the agro- forestry system in their community forest and its distillation has already contributed to economic independence, which they hope to scale up in the time to come. 

Developing agro-foresty and restoring forest sites

Overall, four nurseries have been established in four districts. Each of the nurseries is strategically located in an area adjacent to the community forests, and were planted with high value species such as Cinnamum, Eucalyptus, Ipil Ipil, hog berry, bamboo and alder. In the Tikauli Community forest of Chitwan, the nursery has grown more than 60,000 tree saplings of high value and distributed more than 5000 saplings to different community forests of the area. In several of the project areas, natural forests have been intercropped with patchouli  for distillation purposes of its essential oils. These initiatives have enabled community forest user groups to become familiar with potential non-timber forest products and act as an alternative income opportunity.

Educating forest communities and schoolchildren

In order to develop resilience in the forest communities, educating in different forest management types has been essential. Training has been provided in agroforestry, forest management, organic certification, sustainable harvest of forest products and in distillation unit set up and operation. Overall, 578 individuals have been trained, transferring appropriate low cost technology and incorporating a traditional knowledge with scientific technology on the use of indigenous and locally adapted plants. This has enabled them to manage their resources and provided alternative longterm viable means of livelihood.

The future management of forests lies within the hands of the children of these communities. This is why the project also emphasized the importance of environmental education in schools. 6000 students from 58 schools of the forest communities have been taught the principles of natural resource management, ecological services from community forests and climate adaptation. Teachings were done through writing competitions, art and quiz projects and the “Child to Home to Community Program” where children reached their community through street drama in for example the importance of improved cooking stove for health and environment.

Climate change adaptation

Forest communities like these are highly influenced by climate change, that is why it was also important for the project to assist in making climate resilient communities. This has been partly done by introducing improved cooking stoves (ICS) that translates to how each household can decrease pressures on forests for fuel and also decrease indoor air pollution. In addition to this, training was held in Climate Change Adaptation and Carbon Management which focused on how change in land management practices towards climate resilient ecosystems will ensure farming practices are better adapted to extreme weather events such as droughts and floods.

Danish Forestry Extension
Rolighedsvej 23
1958 Frederiksberg C

CVR-nr. 25096045

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